Scientists have assembled a collection of yeasts that convert agriculture waste into bio-oil, which is then easily converted into biodiesel or renewable jet fuel.
Can a Mother Help 'Program' Better Health into Her Baby?
Human milk is a dynamic system, and mothers may be able to use their milk to direct the future health of their children, say ARS researchers at the Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center (ACNC) in Little Rock, AR. To better understand how excessive maternal weight changes human milk composition, ARS-funded researchers investigated how the content of oligosaccharides differed in milk produced by women with normal weight, overweight, or obesity. Oligosaccharides are complex sugars that contribute to the development of an infant's microflora and immune system.
Scientists found that milk from the sets of mothers differed in oligosaccharide content and that these sugars affected growth and body fat content. The differences are important to understand so that scientists can develop interventions to optimize human milk and promote healthy growth, including designing infant formulas that promote healthier trajectories.
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Green Jet Fuel Takes Off
Turning Wine Waste into Gut Power
Researchers have teamed up with wine growers to determine whether waste from wine grapes can be converted into healthy food components.
The Toxin that’s Hiding in Plain Sight
ARS scientists are studying the potential health risks of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
New Method Detects Mercury
Researchers developed a portable, dual detection biosensor that enables on-site testing of samples for mercury and displays the results on a smart phone.
New Wheat Alters Insulin Response
Research at the ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center revealed that consuming a new type of wheat may help control blood sugar.
Genes That Keep Tomatoes Fresher
Scientists have identified a tomato gene that's responsible for the softening process in the fruit as it matures, and found a way to inhibit the gene, keeping tomatoes firmer, longer.