Skip to main content
Hero Image
Three feral swine

Three feral swine

Protecting U.S. Swine from a Looming Animal Disease Threat

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease of both domestic and wild swine. The disease, which does not pose a threat to human health or food safety, is found in countries around the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. More recently, it has spread through China, Mongolia and Vietnam, eastern parts of Europe, and the Dominican Republic. ASF has not yet been detected in the United States. However, animal health experts at the ARS Plum Island National Animal Disease Research Center in New York are preparing countermeasures in case of its arrival and to assist our global partners in fighting this disease.

To date, ARS has patented 5 experimental ASF vaccines and granted 13 licenses to pharmaceutical companies interested in commercially developing them. The latest candidate vaccine effectively protected both European- and Asian-bred swine from the latest ASF strain in global circulation. This is significant because the majority of swine used in the global food supply are produced in Asia, where ASF outbreaks have been especially devastating and costly to the swine industry.


Related Information

African Swine Fever Virus Vaccine Candidate Now Produced in a Cell Line
USDA's Vaccine Candidate Successful in Blocking Spread of African Swine Fever Virus

External Video

Protecting U.S. Swine from a Looming Animal Disease Threat

Protecting U.S. Swine from a Looming Animal Disease Threat

Explore Other Discoveries

Scientists Test Farm Animals for COVID-19

ARS scientists conducted research to determine if America’s agricultural system is safe from COVID-19.

Cattle Thank Their Lucky Clovers

Red clover in cattle diets could give them additional defense against fescue toxicosis, caused by the consumption of fungus-infected tall fescue when grazing.

Fighting the Invasive Tawny Crazy Ant

ARS scientists and the Foundation for the Study of Invasive Species in Argentina, conducted research to further understand tawny crazy ant behavior.

Fungus Compounds May Help Fight Fish Disease

ARS researchers and Villanova University researchers looked at compounds called pyranopyrans that have significant antibacterial properties against a certain fish pathogen.

Improved Computer Modeling Can Help Predict Future Outbreaks

ARS researchers used computer modeling to predict the limited potential of livestock transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

Boosting Atlantic Salmon Production

An improved genome reference sequence for the North American Atlantic salmon and the first DNA chip enables the use of genomic information in breeding strategies.